In the month or so leading up to Russia’s Kherson withdrawal, Ukrainian forces had already recaptured significant blocks of territory across four provinces, despite Russian claims of annexation.
The Ethiopian government, with ally Eritrea, recaptured many of Tigray’s major towns ahead of the new peace deal. Meanwhile, the insurgency in Oromia continues.
Amid border clashes, Azerbaijan has apparently captured some territory within Armenia proper, while the corridor connecting Armenia to Artsakh-governed Nagorno-Karabakh has been moved to a new location.
Though slow Russian advances have continued in some areas, recent weeks have also seen a string of major Ukrainian victories, which have pushed Russian forces out of most of the areas they had controlled in Kharkiv province.
Even as the ceasefire with the Houthis holds, rival Saudi-backed and UAE-backed government factions have gone to war with each other, with higher stakes than in previous clashes.
Russia and its local allies have continued advances in the east, while Ukraine’s military has made some smaller advances of its own.
Russia and its allies from the self-proclaimed Lugansk People’s Republic (LPR) have completed their control of the area corresponding to Ukraine’s Luhansk province, while abandoning Snake Island in the Black Sea.
Russia and its allies have defended most of the frontlines in recent weeks, and mostly captured Sievierodonetsk, the biggest remaining Ukraine-held city in Luhansk.
Pro-government forces led by the Russian Wagner Group have penetrated deep inside the once-rebel-dominated northeast, while the UPC rebel group has rejoined the CPC anti-government coalition.
Russia-led forces have nearly surrounded the last Ukraine-held city in Luhansk after capturing two long-contested towns nearby, and have just about completed their control of Mariupol, but have been pushed back by Ukrainian forces around Kharkiv.